Internet Layer protocols deeper-dive

List of 30 Internet Layer protocols along with brief descriptions and corresponding links for further exploration:

  1. IP (Internet Protocol): Core protocol for routing packets across networks.
  2. ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol): Used for network diagnostics, error reporting, and management.
  3. IGMP (Internet Group Management Protocol): Manages multicast group memberships.
  4. ARP (Address Resolution Protocol): Maps IP addresses to MAC addresses on local networks.
  5. RARP (Reverse Address Resolution Protocol): Resolves MAC addresses to IP addresses.
  6. OSPF (Open Shortest Path First): Interior gateway protocol for routing within an autonomous system.
  7. BGP (Border Gateway Protocol): Routing protocol for interconnecting autonomous systems on the Internet.
  8. RIP (Routing Information Protocol): Distance-vector protocol with hop count as the metric.
  9. DVMRP (Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol): Routing protocol for multicast traffic.
  10. PIM (Protocol Independent Multicast): Family of multicast routing protocols.
  11. RSVP (Resource Reservation Protocol): Supports quality of service (QoS) by reserving resources for data flows.
  12. CIDR (Classless Inter-Domain Routing): Method for allocating IP addresses and routing Internet Protocol packets.
  13. DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol): Assigns IP addresses and other network configuration parameters dynamically.
  14. NAT (Network Address Translation): Translates private IP addresses to public addresses and vice versa.
  15. IPv6 (Internet Protocol version 6): Successor to IPv4, designed to address the IPv4 address exhaustion problem.
  16. IPsec (Internet Protocol Security): Suite of protocols for securing IP communications.
  17. Mobile IP: Enables mobile devices to maintain connectivity while moving between networks.
  18. VRRP (Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol): Provides automatic assignment of available routers to participating hosts.
  19. IPX (Internetwork Packet Exchange): Networking protocol used by Novell NetWare operating systems.
  20. SPX (Sequenced Packet Exchange): Transport protocol used with IPX for reliable packet delivery.
  21. L2TP (Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol): Creates virtual private networks (VPNs) over the internet or other networks.
  22. GRE (Generic Routing Encapsulation): Encapsulates packets to create virtual point-to-point links.
  23. RIPng (Routing Information Protocol Next Generation): Version of RIP for IPv6 networks.
  24. IS-IS (Intermediate System to Intermediate System): Link-state routing protocol for interior gateway routing within an autonomous system.
  25. VTP (VLAN Trunking Protocol): Propagates VLAN configuration information within a switched network.
  26. LACP (Link Aggregation Control Protocol): Enables the bundling of multiple physical interfaces into a single logical channel.
  27. HSRP (Hot Standby Router Protocol): Provides redundancy for default gateway IP addresses.
  28. GLBP (Gateway Load Balancing Protocol): Enables load balancing and redundancy for multiple default gateways.
  29. IPv4/IPv6 Transition Mechanisms: Techniques for transitioning from IPv4 to IPv6 networks.
  30. ICMPv6 (Internet Control Message Protocol for IPv6): ICMP for IPv6, including neighbor discovery and error reporting.